9+ Woody Plants Examples: Detailed Explanations and Images

A woody plant is one that makes wood having hard stem as a form of structural tissue. They tend to survive in the dry season.

They are opposite to that of the herbaceous ones that die on ground until the spring. The examples for this are all the non-herbaceous plants and woody plants examples are-

Quick Facts :

Woody Plant Scientific Name Characteristics Origin Specific Details Critical Facts
Birch Trees Betula spp. Deciduous, white bark, slender branches Northern Hemisphere Used in furniture, flooring, known for medicinal properties Bark peels easily, and leaves turn yellow in fall.
Maple Trees Acer spp. Deciduous, known for their leaf shape Asia, Europe, North America Maple syrup is made from the sap of some maple species Over 100 species, leaves change color vibrantly in autumn.
Oak Trees Quercus spp. Strong wood, distinctive leaves, and acorns Worldwide, primarily in Northern Hemisphere Used in construction, furniture, and wine barrels Longevity, some species live over 1000 years.
Vines Various genera Climbing or ground-spread plants Various origins Includes grapevines, used in wine production Can be invasive, used in various ornamental and food productions.
Rose Rosa spp. Fragrant flowers, thorny stems Originated in Asia Widely cultivated for their beauty, used in perfumes Over 300 species and thousands of cultivars.
Shrubs Various genera Small to medium-sized woody plants Worldwide Includes varieties like boxwood, used in landscaping Diverse group, ranging from evergreen to deciduous.
Rosemary Salvia rosmarinus Evergreen, needle-like leaves, blue flowers Mediterranean region Widely used as a culinary herb and in aromatherapy Drought-resistant, often used in xeriscaping.
Cherry Trees Prunus spp. Known for their fruit and blossoms Temperate regions in the Northern Hemisphere Cherries used in food, ornamental varieties valued for blossoms Cherry wood is valued for its fine grain and smoothness.
Wisteria Wisteria spp. Climbing vines, known for long, drooping flower clusters East Asia, Eastern United States Often used as ornamental plants, can be invasive Fast-growing, some species are toxic if ingested.
Poison Ivy Toxicodendron radicans Notorious for causing itching and rash on contact North America Grows as a shrub or vine, identified by its “leaves of three” Oil (urushiol) in the plant causes allergic reactions.

Birch trees

They have thin leaf and deciduous type pf hardwood trees of the Betula genus and contains hazels, alders and the hornbeams.

They are a good woody plants examples and are related to the oak family.  They have a known taxon of about 30 to 60 ones out of which there are 11 that are dangerous and is red listed.

They love short and are seen in the most part of the Northern area mostly in the other temperate climatic time and the boreal climate. They range from small to also being medium and have simple leaf with being alternate, serrate and single, stipulate and are always seen in pair having two leaf with branches that are lateral. It has long bark with being long and have lenticels that are horizontal that have paper birch.

Betula pendula 001.jpg
Image credit-Birch treeWikipedia

They have buds that grow early and at the mid-summer and are lateral without have any terminal buds. They have branches that have lateral bud and the wood of all the woody plants examples are close grained with having a texture that is satiny and are capable of being polished and having a fair value. The flower it has is monoecious that tend to open before the leaf or after it.

Maple trees

They are said to be the genus of shrubs and trees and are mostly called to be the maples belonging to the family of Sapindaceae.

There are about 132 of these and most of woody plants examples of this are native to Asia and seen in Europe and America. Only one of these extends to the South and is called the Acer laurinum.

The maple trees are a good woody plants examples that have leaf being palmate and have winged fruits. The relative closest to it are the horse chestnuts and the maple syrup is made of some of the sap of its species. They have a height of about 33 to 150 feet. The ones that are shrubs tend to be 10m and have small trunks rising from ground.

Acer pseudoplatanus 002.jpg
Image credit-Maple treeWikipedia

Most of these are said to be deciduous and are famous for the leaf color with some of them in few areas are said to be evergreen. They are also toleration towards the shade when it is young and are mostly riparian with very less exceptions like maple sugar.  They can develop in colonies too having opposite leaf formation.

Oak trees

They are a shrub of the beech family and there are about 500 species of these. They can also be called to be stone oaks.

They have leaf arranged in the spiral form and have lobate margins in many of its species with few having leaves that are serrated with having margins that are smooth.  

Its fruit is a nut and is called the acorn having a cup like form called as capsule with each of it having one seed and then takes upto few months to a year for maturing depending on the species. The leave shave tannic acid that help them guard itself from the fungi and the insects.

There are live oaks that are separated from the evergreen ones but yet are not mostly distinct and thus are dispersed across genus. They are the key species to many of the wide range of woody plants examples in the sub-tropical parts. Some of them are vital for hardwood and many are on the course of getting extinct due to changes.

Quercus robur.jpg
Image credit-OAKWikipedia


A vine is any plant that has a scandent growth and are runners. It can also be said to be a stem while in wicker use.

This woody plants examples are mostly said to be linked with the grape and are termed to be climbers with some of the trees always growing as a vine yet few growing to be like it only for certain time.

There are plants in this species that shall grow as shrubs till they get support and shall become vines after having a support. A vine shall have its display based on the long stem it has. It has two uses one being exposure to rock and the other being supporting of growth without having its investment in more of the supportive tissue enabling it to get light with less energy.

image 37
Image credit-VinesWikipedia

The making or evolution of the climber is hard and the key to having it innovated was a success in evolution with having many diversities. It is much evolved and is several in the family of plant with having many different methods. It growths helps in many plant to get a colony without climbing high.


They are a woody plants examples that flower and are of genus Rosa that bears flowers. They have many species.

They form a group called the shrubs with ranging in colors and size being short. Hybrids and the cultivars are known to be growing wide for its fragrant and beauty. They are compact in size.

The leaf here is borne in alternate form on the stem. In many of its epcies they are about 5 to about 15 cm long and are pinnate with having basal leaf with having some prickles on the below of the stem. They have five petals and have two lobes. They are long to be seen from top.

These can be either white, red or pink with few being yellow. They have many ovaries that are superior and develop in the achenes. They get pollinated by the insects and are common in the nature. It has fruit that is in the form of a berry and are like rose hip. It is also a domestic flower.

220px Roses Boutons FR 2012
Image credit-roseWikipedia


They can range from small to medium and are a woody plants examples woth commonly also called to be a bush.

They have a woody stem and are always seen on the ground. They are differing from the trees and can be either evergreen or deciduous with having shirt height and many stems.

Many pf the groups in botanies have shrubs as its species and are less than 6m other than the plants and trees. They are said to be between the trees and the perennials in its life with living about 5 years in good state while the rest shall be longer and much woody shall live up to a year of about 70 or much more.

250px Cytisus scoparius2
Image credit-ShrubWikipedia

They do have the capacity to grow more under good states. There is a land called the shrub land that is kept for all the types of shrubs and have mnay types from the world that contains marquis, swamp and the moorland. It can be seen anywhere be it parks, garden or even in wide area being of various length.


They are the native of herb and is seen in the Mediterranean with having many uses in day to day life of people.

This woody plants examples are common for its oil and leaf that helps in being used as a medicine or food. It helps in increasing the level of blood being circulated in the bod and also helps with hair growth while applied.

It has a lot of oil in it and thus more sue of it can be dangerous making to have side effects that shall be coma, spasms or commit and also in many stares can lead to having a fluid in lungs. It is sued for perfumes or as a culinary item.

Image credit-RosemaryWikipedia

The leaves are needle like and can be pink, blue, purple or white in its flower color and is always fragrant with being an herb mostly of blue flower. It is warm and has a bitter taste giving good aroma. It is also good for memory with having no proof for such.


It is a fruit for many plants and ate some fruit. It refers to the trees and the wood making it a god woody plants examples.

They can also be said as wild cheery and might refer to the spices that are grown out for cultivation and are said to be such in the British Isles. They can be either sour or sweet.

They have a shorter season that helps in having growth in many of the latitudes. The famous ones that are seen are said to be Cherry blossoms ad the cherries are usually in its peak and in the late December and are also widely spread lined to famous festivals.

They have a short season and can ne berry hard to cultivate and thus are alive. They are said to be the very first pest to be seen in the growing season and thus blossom and are mostly black in its color.  They are mostly said to be curled in the tips of the branches.

220px Cherry season %2848216568227%29
Image credit-CherryWikipedia


They are plants that flower and tend to be a species of woody times and are native to Korea, China, Japan and also Iran.

These are woody plants examples and are mostly in waters and the s also called the water wisteria with family in the Acanthaceae. They are climbers that have their stems twinned around for getting help.

This is aid to have it identified in many ways and can climb as high as 20m with having leaves being alternate. The flowers are also seen in racemes and have flowers that are pink, white, purple or violet. There is no tint of yellow that is seen on leaf. The flowering of it is seen in the spring season.

Chinese Wisteria Blütentrauben.JPG
Image credit-WisteriaWikipedia

Poising ivy

The period of dormancy shall be accomplished by having the leaves shed if they are deciduous.

At the dormant time, the new stems tend to grow again and hardens off making woody. The herbaceous perennials mostly that are woody ones have a period of year that is dominant when there is no growth.

2014-10-29 13 43 39 Poison Ivy foliage during autumn leaf coloration in Ewing, New Jersey.JPG
Image credit-Posing ivyWikipedia

There is no of it the colder areas for the cold temperature and thus also lacked day light at the time of the winter period in the tropical and the subtropical time as the dry season shall have precipitation also is minimal then. They have three leaves.

Types of Woody Plants

  1. Trees: Distinguished by a single main stem or trunk, growing to considerable height. Examples include Oak (Quercus spp.), which can live over 200 years, and Redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens), known for reaching heights above 300 feet.
  2. Shrubs: Smaller than trees, often with multiple stems from the ground. An example is the Azalea (Rhododendron spp.), known for its vibrant flowers.
  3. Vines: Woody plants that climb or sprawl, like Ivy (Hedera helix) which clings to surfaces with aerial rootlets.

Growth Habits and Adaptations

  • Deciduous vs. Evergreen: Deciduous woody plants like Maples (Acer spp.) shed leaves annually, while evergreens like Pine (Pinus spp.) retain leaves year-round.
  • Growth Rings: Each ring in the trunk represents a year of growth, a valuable tool in dendrochronology for studying past climatic conditions.

Ecological Significance

  • Carbon Sequestration: Woody plants like forests play a crucial role in carbon storage, mitigating climate change.
  • Biodiversity: They provide habitats for various species. For example, Oak trees support over 500 species of insects and birds in some regions.

Practical Applications

  • Timber and Paper Production: Species like Spruce (Picea spp.) are widely used in construction and paper industries.
  • Medicinal Uses: Willow bark (Salix spp.), for instance, has been used for its salicylic acid, a precursor to aspirin.

Preservation and Threats

  • Conservation Efforts: Essential for protecting rare species and maintaining ecological balance.
  • Threats: Climate change, deforestation, and invasive species pose significant risks to woody plants globally.

Also Read: