Is Heat Pump Used For Cooling? 9 Facts You Should Know

The heat pump’s mechanism does not consume a great deal of electricity. Let us check to see if a heat pump is being used for cooling.

A heat pump can be used to provide cooling. “Air conditioners” are devices that only offer cooling. A heat pump is an appliance that uses the refrigeration cycle to transmit thermal energy from the outside environment to heat an accommodation.

Numerous varieties of heat pumps can also act in the other way to refrigerate an apartment by extracting heat from the confined environment and transferring it outdoors. Let us see how and why heat pumps are used, including the application of heat pumps for cooling in this article.

How is heat pump used for cooling?

A heat pump needs power to function properly. Let us investigate the cooling capabilities of a heat pump.

A heat pump is used for cooling in this way,

  • First, cold liquid as in outdoor unit takes heat energy, turning it to cool gas.
  • The icy gas is then turned to hot gas via pushing down.
  • In the interior unit, the hot gas is cooled by passing air, warm the air, and then condense the gas to stagnant water.

Electricity powers a heat pump. It can therefore significantly reduce fuel usage. The heat pump warms the air before melting it by pushing the refrigerant within the inner and outer part coils thru the steps of condensation and evaporation.

When is heat pump used for cooling?

Fuel is not necessary to generate the heat pump’s apparatus. Let us examine when the heat pump is used for cooling.

Heat pumps are employed for cooling reasons, when heat pumps provide an energy-efficient alternative to furnaces and air conditioners for all climates. Heat pumps distribute heat using electricity, just like a refrigerator.

Mitsubishi Heat Pump circuit board.agr
Image – Heat Pump;
Image Credit – ArnoldReinhold (CC-BY-SA-4.0) from Wikimedia Commons

Even on the coldest winter days, excessive heat pumps are the most attributed to the significant solutions. The heat pump is so much more energy-efficient than a furnace or boiler if a consumer has both of them.

How to set heat pump to cool?

Heat pumps designed for high temperatures can operate at temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Celsius. Let us look at how to cool the heat pump.

  • Set the thermostat to cool instead of heat
  • Maintain the fan’s AUTO setting
  • Investigate the air filters
  • Adjusting the thermostat
  • Schedule routine heat pump maintenance

Set the thermostat to cool instead of heat

Change the heat to cool setting on the heat pump’s thermostat actually; switching the heat pump’s thermostat from heat to cool is the most crucial step. The home’s heat transmission will be reversed as a result, allowing your heat pump to chill it.

Maintain the fan’s AUTO setting

The heat pump fan should always be in the AUTO setting. Heat pumps are designed to turn on and off as necessary to maintain the desired temperature specified by the user’s thermostat.

Investigate the air filters

Clean air cannot circulate in a home with dirty air filters in place, trapping potentially faulty contaminants. Depending on how frequently it runs, the heat pump’s air filters should be changed every one to three months.

Adjusting the thermostat

Adjusting the thermostat, it is always recommended to maintain the thermostat set to the home owner’s preferred temperature. This will contribute to energy conservation and prevent the heat pump from working harder than necessary to cool the house, extending the life of the system.

Schedule routine heat pump maintenance

Having the heat pump inspected twice a year, once before turning on the heating system and again before turning on the cooling system, is an excellent manner to get into.

How effective are heat pumps for cooling?

When it comes to cooling, a heat pump will be more efficient than an air conditioner. Let us examine heat pumps’ cooling capacity.

In relative to heating, heat pumps are more effective in cooling. Heat pumps consume around five times less power when cooling. It’s because heat pumps do readily absorb the heat as they extract hot air from the exterior when they are in heating mode, which is frequently only used in cold weather.

Heat pumps have the ability to cut energy expenses dramatically. Since heat pumps are so energy-efficient, if a customer uses one all year, he or she will probably experience lower monthly utility costs.

How does a heat pump work in summer?

When the temperature is over 40 degrees Fahrenheit, a heat pump performs effectively. Check out how a heat pump performs in the summer.

A heat pump functions exactly like a typical air conditioner throughout the summer. Common air conditioners use a refrigerant to lower the temperature from the user’s dwelling and circulate it elsewhere. By modifying the pressure on the liquid refrigerant, this phenomenon occurred.

For the majority of systems, heat pumps perform less effectively when the temperature dips to between 25 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit. Heat pumps begin to lose efficiency once the outside temperature falls below 40 degrees, and they need more energy to operate.

Are heat pumps more efficient at cooling than heating?

When a temperature is maintained consistently, heat pumps perform at their best. Let us examine whether heat pumps are more effective at cooling than at heating.

Heat pumps are particularly efficient for cooling than heating as they utilize less energy since there is no need of drawing air from outside, heat it, and produce it. They continue to cool effectively even in high heat, so there is no need to be concerned about extreme weather events.

When a user is out or unconscious, turning down a heat pump may actually use more energy than leaving it on.

How much can a heat pump cool a house?

When winter arrives and the weather outside turns chilly, heat pumps are built to run continuously. Let us test the heat pump’s cooling capacity for a home.

A heat pump can reduce the temperature of a home by 15 to 20 degrees. The heat pump will discharge 55 degrees of heat again until apartment is decreased to the suitable temperature if the customer chooses the cooling mode and sets the temperature to 72 degrees.

Cooling down rooms and entire apartments is strength of heat pumps. The heat pump must run continuously to circulate warm air throughout the household as soon as the temperature falls below 30 degrees, matching the demand for heat with the capacity of the heat pump.

What are the disadvantages of a heat pump as a cooler?

Modern heat pumps for cold climates can effectively heat an apartment even when the temperature falls below -10 degrees. Let us go over the drawbacks of heat pumps as coolers.

High initial outlay

Although heat pumps have a high initial investment, their low running costs result in long-term energy bill savings and lower carbon emissions.

Partial carbon neutrality

Due to its dependence on power to function, heat pumps cannot be completely carbon neutral. On the other hand, the high coefficient of performance (COP) of heat pumps means that they become more effective as the outside air cools.

It is challenging to set up

Provided that research must be done to comprehend the transfer of heat, local geology (specifically for ground source heat pumps), and the heating and cooling requirements for your home, heat pumps are incredibly tough to install.

Issue in the cold

Few heat pumps have problems in cold climates, which can negatively influence the system and prevent them from operating at their maximum efficiency. However, a more advanced heat pump system could be able to solve this issue. Always check the heat pump’s Seasonal Performance Factor (SPF).

Uncertain sustainability

Some of the fluids used for heat transfer are not entirely sustainable, which raises issues for the environment. Therefore, using biodegradable fluids is advised.

A planning permit is necessary

In Wales and Northern Ireland, special permission to build is mandatory; however in England and Scotland, it varies on its location and the size of their consumer property.

It takes a lot of effort

A heat pump installation process necessitates considerable labor and inconvenience to your home and garden. An appropriate illustration would be the requirement to make penetrations through building sheathing.


This article has shown that heat pumps can be employed for cooling reasons like how is cooling achieved with a heat pump, when should a heat pump be used for cooling, how do we cool a heat pump and how well do heat pumps work as a cooling system.

Read more about following

13 Facts On Heat Pump Air Handler
Is Heat Pump A Condenser
How Is Heat Pump A FurnaceIs Heat Pump A Heat Engine