Alanine Amino Acid Structure: Detailed Explanations

Alanine Amino Acid structure is another significant example of Amino Acid structure. It gives basic knowledge of Amino Acids structures. Therefore, this article would provide a detailed explanation about the structure of Alanine.

Amino Acid refers to the compounds, which are basically found as the unit of protein molecules. Therefore, Alanine is significant to provide facts about the basic amino acid structure as organic molecules. Alanine has basic amino acid structure, which reflects the presence of four groups attached with one carbon.

Amino acids are reliable in strengthening the immune system of the human body. The protein molecules are formed with the help of Amino Acid. These structures can hold single and double both types of bonds. Alanine is noticed to hold four single bonds and it deliberately works as the precursor in the formation of protein molecules. Therefore, this can be called as simplest ideal Amino acid.

Alanine Amino Acid structure

Alanine possesses a basic Amino Acid structure which can be represented as an example of ideal Amino Acid. Three chemical functional groups are present in the structure of this Amino Acid.  As the other Amino Acid sit also have two functional groups attached with one carbon.

Alanine amino acid is one of the basic Amino Acid which holds a simple Amino group and a carboxylic acid group attached with a single carbon. The carbon has been found to be centralised I the structure. Besides, a methyl group is also present in the structure attached with the same centralised carbon.

The structure of the Amino Acid is representing the structure of an Alpha Amino Acid. As the centralised carbon is holding the three groups and one hydrogen, atom it is considered as the Alpha carbon in the compound.  As the main functional groups that are the carboxylic group and amino group are attached with the carbon, it is significantly beholding all the characteristics of Amino Acids.

alanine amino acid structure
Alanine Amino Acid structure from Wikipedia

The methyl groups is found in the side chain of the Amino Acid molecule. However, the term Alpha refers here to the Alpha Amino carboxylic acids. The chain in Alanine is aliphatic chain, which refers to the stable formation of the bonds in the compound. The chemical formula of this Amino Acid is C3H7NO2. 

The symbol of Alanine is A. Tryptophan and vitamin B-6 is found to be broken down by this Amino Acid. The biosynthesis process of this Amino Acid is regulatory to use the sugar intake in Human body.

Alanine responsibly handles the formation of protein molecule by encouraging the Alpha helix and beta strand structures. The core alanine Amino acid provides stimulation of the backbone of the peptides to form reliable protein structure.

However, the influential Alpha Helical structure of the protein formed by the participation of this amino acid. The biochemical structure of the proteins is perfectly bonded by this amino Acid. L-Alanine has been found to be the precursor of D-Alanine. D-Alanine is the main constituent in the cell wall.

In Liver,. The structure of this amino acid is noticed to get broken structure by the catalytic reaction of the enzyme called glutamate-pyruvate transaminase (GPT). As this enzyme can break the structure of this compound it is also called as alanine transaminase. Besides, Alanine is known as glucogenic amino acid.

Epic facts about Alanine

Alanine comes under the amino Acid compound characteristics, which significantly shows the ability of giving out protein molecules. The Amino Acid has some distinguishable attributes, which makes it exceptional in the group of Amino Acids.

Alanine is a Hydrophobic Amino Acid, which means that the compound cannot bear with the contact of water. Therefore, there is no reaction happens between Alanine and water molecule.  There are several unique quality which keeps the molecule epic and distinct from other Amino Acids.

The Amino Acid shows Ambivalent nature. Ambivalent characteristics stand for the features which keeps the molecules inside and outside both the position in the protein molecules.

Alanine works as an intermediate in the metabolism of Sugar. Its L-isomer is only active naturally by showing chemical viability. Alpha Amino Acid structure of Alanine is the converted analog of Alpha keto acid pyruvate.

However, the Alpha carbon in Alanine Amino Acid shows active nature in the optical medium. This is an attractive physical feature of the compound, which enhances the utilisation of this Amino Acid molecule.

Though Alanine is chemically contains C-beta carbon, which refers to the characteristic regarding hinder effect as other Amino Acids. It can adopt backbones like others but this Amino Acid is the dullest Amino Acid in the series. It is basically non-polar one and chemically quite inactive.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question 1: Name some Amino Acids, which show Hydrophobic characteristic.

Answers: Alanine, Leucine, Valine, Glycine, Proline, isoleucine, phenylalanine, methionine, and tryptophan are the Amino Acids which are hydrophobic in nature.

Question 2: How Alanine is different from other Amino Acids?

Answer:  Alanine is a most boring Amino Acid in the series. This Amino Acid is non-polar by nature and hydrophobic one.  It means the compound cannot do reaction with water, which is the dullest feature in it.

Question 3: What are the components of Alanine?

Answer:  Alanine is composed of tow functional groups, Carboxylic Acid and Amino Acid, which are possessed by every Amino Acids. In the side chain of the Amino Acid it has A methyl group attached with the same centralised carbon.

Question 4: Why does Alanine consume positive charge?

Answer:  Alanine at pH level lower than 2 possesses the functional groups in the compound are highly protonated. Therefore, at that pH the Amino Acid is completely positively charged compound.

Question 5: Write the main functional difference between Alanine and Glycine.

Answer:  Though both Alanine and Glycine are Amino Acids, they have a string distinguishable characteristic. Alanine is hydrophobic and Glycine is An example of hydrophilic Amino Acid.

Read more about following Structure & Characteristics

Peptide Bond
Hyaluronic Acid
Disulfide Bond
Glycolic Acid
Glutamic Acid
Hexanoic Acid